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This is a Clilstore unit. You can link all words to dictionaries.

Industrial revolution

New inventions came in the late 1700s and 1800s and changed the lives of people. One of the most important inventions was James Watt’s new steam engine.

Spinning machines reduced the amount of human work in the textile industry. Factories changed this industry too. Machines did much of the work. Steam engines made transporting goods easier. This time was known as the Industrial Revolution. The word "revolution" meant a large change in the way people were doing things.

New machines changed farming, too. Fewer people were needed to grow food. Many people left the farms. They moved to towns and cities to work in the new factories. Now, machines could manufacture thread, yarn, and cloth. People no longer had to make everything by hand. They no longer had to grow all their own food.

The Industrial Revolution improved the lives of most people. Family life changed a lot. Grown-up children did not have to stay on small farms to help their parents grow food.

People moved to cities. The cities grew. More factories were built. More workers were needed. Many immigrants came to America. Factory work was hard, and the hours were long. People were ready to work in factories to make life better for their families.


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